About RAIN

RAIN is an urban stormwater program designed by Green Communities Canada to maximize community engagement and action. Activities include demonstration projects (e.g. permeable pavement, rain gardens, pet waste digesters), presentations, tours of stormwater sites, workshops, workbees, outreach activities, contractor training, and home visits. Actions increase infiltration, reduce stormwater pollution and prevent flooding. 

RAIN: What's the problem?

Rivers and lakes are polluted as a result of conventional approaches to urban landscaping and stormwater management. Urban areas are covered with hard surfaces - buildings, streets, driveways, walkways, parking lots. Stormwater systems are engineered to facilitate or speed-up runoff, leaving a legacy of poor water quality. Health problems related to water pollution in general are estimated to cost Canadians $300 million per year.

Large concentrations of toxic chemicals, such as oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals, wash from the urban environment into the storm sewer system when it rains or during spring snow melts. Hardened surfaces disrupt the natural water cycle and prevent rain from soaking into the ground, bypassing the natural filtration of soil and vegetation.

It is estimated that combined sewer overflows from cities around the Great Lakes amount to hundreds of billions of litres of raw sewage and stormwater each year. Further, the under-funding of updating and replacement of storm sewers is expected to continue for at least two decades and will continue to contribute to degradation of receiving waters.

stormwatercity_2.jpg Credit: My Eco Project.org

In summary, stormwater runoff impacts water quality and quantity by:

  • transporting pollution directly into lakes and rivers;
  • eroding shorelines, loss of topsoil that hastens further runoff;
  • warming up surface water, making it more susceptible to waterborne bacteria and hazardous to fragile marine life;
  • overflowing sewage treatment facilities, allowing untreated human waste to flow directly into surface water; and
  • robbing groundwater aquifers of adequate recharge capacity

RAIN: What's the solution?

Slow it DownCapture and release rain more slowly. This will reduce the volume entering the stormwater system.


Soak it UpAllow more rain to soak into the ground by installing rain gardens and increasing permeable areas.


Keep it CleanAvoid polluting activities (leaving pet waste, cigarette butts, spreading lawn fertilizer, de-icing salts, driveway sealing and carwashing).

It's easy. We'll show you how in one of of our local events, workshops, presentations and generally being on-hand to answer your questions when you have them. Visit or call one of our local offices soon.

An excellent video detailing stormwater issues in urban areas:

Courtesy of 15totheriver.org in West Michigan

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RAIN Achievements


Environment Canada, Everyone's Talking About Water: It's Time For Action! 2010.

Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, Redefining Conservation: Annual Report 2009/10, Gord Miller, et al. 2010.

EcoJustice Canada (Dr. Elaine MacDonald,  Liat Podolsky, Jode Roberts, Kori Brus). Flushing out the truth: Sewage Dumping in Ontario, 2009.

EcoJustice Canada (Dr. Elaine MacDonald,  Liat Podolsky). GREEN CITIES, GREAT LAKES: Using Green Infrastructure to Reduce Combined Sewer Overflows, 2008.

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